CHELYABINSK AREA

as per 01.01. 1998)

 

Basic information

  

The area centre           Chelyabinsk

 

Territory:                      87.9  sq km (0.5% of the Russian Federation, ranks 39 of all regions)

 

Population:                  3.675 million (2.5% of the Russian Federation, ranks 10 of all regions

   

Population density:      41.8 per sq km

 

Major cities: Chelyabinsk 1.084.100
Magnitogorsk 425.000
Zlatoust 199.600
Miass 166.200
Ozersk 89.000
Kopeisk 72.900

 

Geographical location and composition: The area consists of 24 districts, 12 city districts (including 6 districts in Chelyabinsk), 20 cities and 32 towns. It stretches down the Eastern slopes of the Southern Urals up to Zauralskaya lowland. It also reaches mountain ranges at the North West part of the Ural Mountains. The area has common borders with Kurgan, Sverdlovsk and Orenburg areas as well as with Bashkortostan and Kazakhstan. The Ural and The Miass are the principal rivers of this region. The distance between Chelyabinsk and Moscow - 1,919 kilometers.

 

Climate:                       Temperate and

                                    Continental

                                    Medium temperature in January  is -13.3 Celsius

                                    Medium temperature in July  is +22.0 Celsius

 

The area was founded on  January 17, 1934.

 

The Chelyabinsk Area belongs to:

                                    The Urals Economic Region and

                                    The Urals Federal District

 

Natural resources:        Coal, ferrous ores, magnesite, graphite, apyrous clay.

The principal deposits: ferrous ore - at Bakalskoe, Zlatoustovskoe and Magnitogorskoe, magnesite - at Satkinskaya Gruppa, graphite - at Taiginskoe and apyrous clay - at Nizhneuvelskoe.

 

Major industries:          Ferrous and non-ferrous metallurgy machine-building and metal-working (including tractors, cars road-construction and mine equipment, machine-tool building, etc.), chemicals (including sulfuric acid, paint and varnish, organic glass). The area is famous for itís fine art casting at Kaslino and Kusino, watch production and metal printing at Zlatoust.

 

Agriculture:                  The area focuses upon grain and bean production. The kettle-breeding, dairy products, pig-breeding and bee-keeping is another important industry.