at 01.01. 1998)
location and composition: The area is situated down the
Eastern slopes of the Middle and North Urals and on the territory of the
West Siberia lowland. The South West part reaches West slopes of the
Middle Urals. It has common borders with Tjumen, Kurgan, Chelyabinsk and
Perm regions as well as with Bashkortostan and Komi Republics. The Ob
and the Kama basin rivers are the principal rivers of this region. The
distance between Ekaterinburg and Moscow - 1,667 kilometres.
Medium temperature in January
is -13.5 Celsius
Medium temperature in July is
The area was founded on January 17, 1934:
The area center - Ekaterinburg
Sverdlovsk - from 1924 to 1991
The Urals Economic Region and
The Urals Federal District
and copper ores, alumina, coal, asbestos, talc, marble, gold, platinum,
precious stones, etc.
principal ore deposits: ferrous ore - at Kachkanar, Kytlym and Visim,
copper ore - at Krasnouralsk, Kirovograd, coal - at Bogoslovsky,
Severo-Sosvinsky and Bulanash-Elkinsky basins, asbestos - at
Bazhenovskoe, talc - Shebrovskoe and gold - at Berezovsk.
and non-ferrous metallurgy machine-building and metal-working (including
energy and transport machine-building, chemical equipment, etc.),
chemicals (including concentrated elements, sulphuric acid,
alloys, nitrogen fertilizers and plastics), construction materials
(including cement, asbestos units, concrete, bricks, etc.),
wood-processing (including paper, plywood, cardboard and construction
blocks) and very popular jewellery made from the Urals gems.
area enjoys a highly developed agriculture. The cultivated land is
comparatively small but allows to produce enough food for the local
cattle-breeding. The cities are surrounded with farms to provide the
market with potatoes, vegetables and paltry. Bee-keeping is very
112 cities in the Ekaterinburg Area.