EKATERINBURG AREA

(as at 01.01. 1998)

 

Basic information

 

The area centre

Ekaterinburg

Territory:

194.8  sq km (1.1% of the Russian Federation, ranks 20 of all regions)

Population:

4.646 million (3.2% of the Russian Federation, ranks 5 of all regions

Population density:

23.9 per sq km

 

Major cities:

Ekaterinburg

1.272.200

Nizhny Tagil

399.200

Kamensk - Uralsky

192.100

Pervouralsk

135.700

Serov

100.000

Asbest

81.700

 

Geographical location and composition: The area is situated down the Eastern slopes of the Middle and North Urals and on the territory of the West Siberia lowland. The South West part reaches West slopes of the Middle Urals. It has common borders with Tjumen, Kurgan, Chelyabinsk and Perm regions as well as with Bashkortostan and Komi Republics. The Ob and the Kama basin rivers are the principal rivers of this region. The distance between Ekaterinburg and Moscow - 1,667 kilometres.

 

Climate:                       Temperate and

                                    Continental

                                    Medium temperature in January  is -13.5 Celsius

                                    Medium temperature in July  is +20.9 Celsius

 

The area was founded on January 17, 1934:

 

                                    The area center - Ekaterinburg

                                    Sverdlovsk - from 1924 to 1991

 

Ekaterinburg belongs to:

                                    The Urals Economic Region and

                                    The Urals Federal District

 

Natural resources:       Ferrous and copper ores, alumina, coal, asbestos, talc, marble, gold, platinum, precious stones, etc.

The principal ore deposits: ferrous ore - at Kachkanar, Kytlym and Visim, copper ore - at Krasnouralsk, Kirovograd, coal - at Bogoslovsky, Severo-Sosvinsky and Bulanash-Elkinsky basins, asbestos - at Bazhenovskoe, talc - Shebrovskoe and gold - at Berezovsk.

 

Major industries:          Ferrous and non-ferrous metallurgy machine-building and metal-working (including  energy and transport machine-building, chemical equipment, etc.), chemicals (including concentrated elements, sulphuric acid, superphosphates,  copper alloys, nitrogen fertilizers and plastics), construction materials (including cement, asbestos units, concrete, bricks, etc.), wood-processing (including paper, plywood, cardboard and construction blocks) and very popular jewellery made from the Urals gems.

 

Agriculture:                  The area enjoys a highly developed agriculture. The cultivated land is comparatively small but allows to produce enough food for the local cattle-breeding. The cities are surrounded with farms to provide the market with potatoes, vegetables and paltry. Bee-keeping is very popular.  

 

 

 

THE EKATERINBURG REGION

(All figures as per              01.01.1998)

 

The area centre

Ekaterinburg

Territory:

1,788,900  sq km (10.5% of the Russian Federation)

Population:

12.654 million (8.6% of the Russian Federation) 

Population density:

7.1 per sq km

 

Major cities:

Ekaterinburg

1,272.200

 

Chelyabinsk

1,084.100

 

Tjumen

    500.100

 

Magnitogorsk

    425.000

 

Nizhny Tagil

    399.200

 

Kurgan

    366.500

 

Surgut

    277.100

 

Nizhnevartovsk

    239.000

 

Zlatoust

    199.600

 

Kamensk-Uralsky

    192.100

 

 

There are 112 cities in the Ekaterinburg Area.