SEVEN FEDERAL DISTRICTS
In order to streamline the so called "power
vertical" President Putin initiated to unite 89 regions of Russia under
auspicies of seven Federal Districts by his decree of May 13, 2000. They
coincide with military districts and are the following:
1. Central District
It covers Moscow and big industrial and
agricultural areas around it with huge production potential.
2. North-West District
It covers St.-Petersburg and neighbour
areas (including Kaliningrad) which focus upon high-tech and military facilities.
3. South District
It covers vast areas between The Black
Sea and The Caspian Sea including the North Caucasian Republics.
4. The Volga Basin District
A highly developed area around The Volga
River, a "heart of Russia". A significant part of it is populated with
Muslim nations such as tartars, bashkirs, etc.
5. The Urals District
President Representative Peter Latyshev
The second big industrial area of the
country. A kind of a border between European and Asian part of Russia stretched
between the Arctic Ocean and Kazakhstan.
6. The Siberian District
The region which is extremely reach with
all kinds of natural resources.
7. The Far East District
This is a real far away area - 10 hours
to fly from Moscow. Rather underpopulated and underdeveloped. Borders with
China and USA.
The purpose of
these moves is to curb separatism and to set up a unified power vertical
(a tool to control power) along the federal - regional - municipal axis.
In the past, these three elements were separated and often acted in parallel,
thus bringing ground to numerous conflicts.
A new system will
allow the President to closely monitor activities of 89 governors in the
field of legislation (in many cases local laws contradict Constitution
and Federal Laws) and business (some regional authorities tend to forget
that they are an integral part of a Federal State). Those who flagrantly
violate the laws in question may be brought before court. It should be
specially noted that these changes are within the present scope of authority
of the President and do not violate any Federal Law or Constitution.